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The History of Mohen-Jo-Daro

 

The History of Mohen-Jo-Daro

The Indus civilization's metropolis, Mohenjo Daro, had well-planned urban architects who featured water control. How about the last person to reside in Sindh, the 5000-year-old municipality in Pakistan's Sindh province?

In the town, there are no well-known dwellings, temples, or monuments to witness or experience. As a result of the lack of a particular focal point at which a king or queen could sit, standardized copper and stone bowls and tools are applied to emphasize custom, obedience, and sanitation.

The Indus Valley civilization was a secret until the civilizations of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were discovered in what would become Sindh Pakistan in 1921. The archaeologists revealed the sophistication of the Indus Valley. This distinctive culture has endured for more than 5000 years. By employing the fertile floodplains of the Indus River and trading with Mesopotamia, they could prosper for more than a thousand years.

The sheer number of artifacts and baked-brick structures on display demonstrates the city's prosperity and affluence.

A pool circled by baked stone walls, the Great Bath at Mohenjo Daro is the unique temple-like construction on the site. It is the most notable of the monuments.

Every habitation was provided with a bath and drainage system, and wells were strategically situated around the city.

In 1911, the prime commission to Mohenjo Daro appeared at its goal after a lengthy journey. Several excavations were carried out between 1920 and 1930 in this area. Initially, only little gaps were visible, but by the 1950s and 1964, there were significant cracking patterns visual throughout the structure.

According to Possehl, Indus culture between 2500 and 1900 BCE, the city played a significant role in the development of civilization. It took more than 100 hectares of land to build the Great Bath and the main structure (250 acres).

According to archaeologist Jonathan Mark Kenoyer of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, it is considered that the mounds evolved as humans constructed and repaired constructions such as houses.

According to the archaeological data available, because there is minimal evidence of rulers, Mohenjo Daro was most likely established as a city-state or by an elite from each mound.

Archaeologists uncovered a copper sculpture of a dancing girl in 1926 while excavating in the area.

Archaeologists are mesmerized by the Priest-King sculpture in the museum. This seated human figure has been exquisitely carved and painted.

According to Kenoyer, when the statues were unearthed, they were in poor condition. Anyone who arrived in the Indus civilization after the depiction of themselves or their elders was opposed to the idea of doing so.

Despite decades of research, there is still no satisfactory explanation for the fall of the Indus civilization and the discovery of Mohenjo Daro.

Rerouting the Indus River, says Kenoyer, may have saved the agricultural industry as well as the city's commercial status.

According to Kenoyer, there is no evidence that the city was flooded or abandoned at the time of the incident. An alteration in the course of the Indus River's flow cannot account for the fall of the Indus civilization. He claims that the culture of the valley has transformed.

He believes that the evidence dates back to the year 1900 BCE Nobody has a clue why.

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