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The Universe and Our Solar System


The Universe and Our Solar System

The Universe & Our Solar System

The Solar System is bound together by gravitational force. It consists of the Sun and the objects that round it, either directly or indirectly. The eight planets are the most oversized objects that now orbit the Sun. The remaining things are smaller bodies in the Solar system, such as dwarf planets and other minor bodies.

Aside from the natural satellites, which orbit the Sun indirectly, two more objects are more important than Mercury's minor planet.

The solar system was shaped four and a half billion years back due to the eruption of a massive interstellar molecular cloud. The Sun accounts for the vast majority of the solar system's overall mass, with Jupiter accounting for the vast majority of the remaining group. The Earth, Venus, and Mars are all terrestrial planets, with rock and metal making up most of their makeup. The four minor inner system planets are Mercury, Venus, and Earth.

The main four external system planets are considered giant planets regardless of being substantially massive compared to the terrestrial planets. As a result, the solar system's two most massive planets, Jupiter and Saturn, are gas giants, mainly hydrogen and helium. Uranus and Neptune, the two outermost planets, are ice giants primarily of volatiles, with higher melting points than hydrogen and helium. Water, ammonia, and methane are examples of these substances.

The Sun is surrounded by a nearly flat disc known as the ecliptic, and the orbits of all eight planets are almost circular.

Smaller objects can be found in the Solar system as well. The asteroid belt resides between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. It is mainly composed of rock and metal, similar to those found on the planets. The Kuiper belt and dispersed disc are populations of trans-Neptunian objects primarily consisting of ices that exist beyond Neptune's orbit. A fresh population of sednoids has been identified beyond them.

The Kuiper belt and the dispersed disc are two examples of discovered trans-Neptunian object populations.

There is debate about how many items will be large enough to have rounded due to gravity. Within these populations, particular objects are big enough to have rounded due to gravity.

A dwarf planet is a fictitious entity that fulfills this definition. Pluto looks to be the only proven dwarf planet, with another trans-Neptunian object, Eris, and the asteroid Ceres also being considered.

Furthermore, various other small-body populations, such as comets, centaurs, and interplanetary dust clouds, are free to move between these two zones as they want. Natural satellites, dubbed "moons" after the Moon, orbit six planets, the six most massive possible dwarf planets, and more minor things. Each of the outer planets is surrounded by a ring of dust and other small debris.

The heliosphere is a bubble-like portion of the interstellar medium that exists. It is created by the solar wind, a stream of charged particles traveling away from the Sun.

The pressure exerted by the solar wind equals the pressure exerted by the interstellar medium at the heliopause. The heliopause extends to the scattered disc's edge and is characterized as follows: The Oort cloud, which is thought to be the source of long-period comets may also exist at a distance about a thousand times greater than the heliosphere.

We are in the Milky Way galaxy's Orion Arm, which contains the vast bulk of the visible stars in the night sky. The Solar System is 26,000 light-years from the Milky Way galaxy's core. The nearest stars are found within the so-called Local Bubble, 4.25 light-years away from Proxima Centauri.

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